Proper Hay Storage is Crucial for Preserving Hay from Moisture by Mario Villarino
May13

Proper Hay Storage is Crucial for Preserving Hay from Moisture by Mario Villarino

May 13, 2024 – Texas A&M AgriLife Extension provides comprehensive guidance on protecting hay from rain to maintain its quality and nutritional value. Proper hay storage is crucial for preserving hay from moisture, as exposure to rain can lead to mold growth, nutrient loss, and decreased palatability. Here’s an in-depth look at strategies recommended by AgriLife Extension: Covered Storage: Utilizing covered storage...

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Small Acreage Farming by Mario Villarino
May07

Small Acreage Farming by Mario Villarino

Small acreage farming, a cornerstone of modern agriculture, encompasses a diverse array of operations, ranging from backyard gardens to small family farms. Unlike large commercial farms, which cover expansive tracts of land, small acreage farms operate on parcels ranging from a few acres to tens of acres. Despite their smaller scale, these farms play a significant role in meeting the demand for locally grown food and promoting...

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Controlling Weeds in Ponds by Mario Villarino
May02

Controlling Weeds in Ponds by Mario Villarino

May 2, 2024 – Controlling weeds in ponds is essential for maintaining water quality, preserving aquatic habitats, and ensuring recreational usability. Weeds can quickly overrun a pond, leading to decreased oxygen levels, restricted water flow, and an unappealing appearance. Effective weed control involves a combination of preventative measures and targeted management strategies tailored to the specific characteristics of the...

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Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Provides Resources on Managing Buttercups by Mario Villarino
Apr25

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Provides Resources on Managing Buttercups by Mario Villarino

April 25, 2024 – Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service provides resources on managing buttercups, particularly in pasture and forage management. Buttercups are toxic to livestock if ingested in large quantities, so effective control is important for animal health and pasture productivity. AgriLife Extension typically recommends a combination of cultural practices, such as maintaining good pasture health, and chemical control...

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Soil Testing is Crucial for Understanding the Health of Your Soil by Mario Villarino
Apr15

Soil Testing is Crucial for Understanding the Health of Your Soil by Mario Villarino

April 15, 2024 – Soil testing is crucial for understanding the health and fertility of your soil. It involves collecting samples from different areas of your property and sending them to a lab for analysis. The results will provide information on nutrient levels, pH balance, organic matter content, and recommendations for any necessary amendments to improve soil quality and plant growth. For soil testing through Texas A&M...

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Controlling Nutsedge Can be Challenging by Mario Villarino
Apr12

Controlling Nutsedge Can be Challenging by Mario Villarino

April 12, 2024 – Controlling nutsedge can be challenging because of its extensive rhizome system. Cultural methods like regular mowing and hand pulling can help, but herbicides are often necessary. Pre-emergent herbicides can prevent nutsedge seeds from germinating, while post-emergent options can kill existing plants. However, repeated applications may be needed for effective control. It’s also important to improve soil...

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Too Much Emphasis on Winning and Losing at Jr. Fair Livestock Shows by Mario Villarino
Feb08

Too Much Emphasis on Winning and Losing at Jr. Fair Livestock Shows by Mario Villarino

February 8, 2024 – According to Nebraska Extension “It seems far too often we place too much emphasis on winning and losing at Jr. Fair livestock shows. Unfortunately, many times adults consider 4-H and FFA livestock projects a failure if their son or daughter does not win. If our only goal at a livestock show is to win, maybe we need to make some adjustments in our goals and in understanding the benefits our youth are gaining...

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Soil Tests Can be Used to Help by Mario Villarino
Feb01

Soil Tests Can be Used to Help by Mario Villarino

Soil tests can be used to estimate the kinds and amounts of soil nutrients available to plants. They also can be used as aids in determining fertilizer needs. Properly conducted soil sampling and testing can be cost-effective indicators of the types and amounts of fertilizer and lime needed to improve crop yield. The effects of adding a fertilizer often depend on the level of nutrients already present in the soil If a soil is very low...

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Green Acorns and Cattle by Mario Villarino
Jan02

Green Acorns and Cattle by Mario Villarino

January 2, 2024 – The howling winds of cold fronts and rainstorms often knock green acorns from oak trees in a pasture. Most cattle like the taste of acorns and tend to seek them out. But hungry cattle that consume too many green acorns will get sick. Their gastrointestinal tracts will be upset; they will develop diarrhea, become dehydrated, constipated and emaciated; and they might die. Acorn poisoning is caused by chemicals...

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A Year in Review 2023 by Mario Villarino
Dec13

A Year in Review 2023 by Mario Villarino

2023 Livestock and Forage Education Hopkins County Dr. Mario Villarino| County Extension Agent- Agriculture and Natural Resources RELEVANCE Livestock and forage production are a 3.96 billion dollars industry in the Central Region . Livestock  and forage  enterprises  are affected  by climate  and market variability. Hopkins County currently has more than 100,000 head of cattle with 27,000 head of dairy cattle....

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