Heat-Related Illnesses And How To Help

June 23, 2023- With the risk of extreme heat coming to Texas the need for those who know what to look for in heat- related illnesses is in high demand. The following is a list of illnesses and what to look for and do in the event of one:

Heat Stroke

What to look for

  • High body temperature (103 Degrees F or higher)
  • hot, red, dry, or damp skin
  • Fast, strong pulse
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Confusion
  • Losing consciousness

What to Do

  • Call 911 right away as heat stroke is a medical emergency
  • Move the person to a cooler place
  • Help lower the person’s temperature with cool cloths or a cool bath
  • Do not give the person anything to drink

Heat Exhaustion

What to look for

  • Heavy sweating
  • Cold, pale, and clammy skin
  • Fast, weak pulse
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Muscle cramps
  • Tiredness or weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting

What to do

  • Move to a cool place
  • Loosen your clothes
  • Put cool, wet cloths on your body or take a cool bath
  • Sip water

Get medical attention if:

  • You are throwing up
  • Your symptoms get worse
  • Your symptoms last longer than 1 hour

Heat Cramps

What to look for

  • Heavy seating during intense exercise
  • Muscle pain or spasms

What to do

  • Stop physical activity and move to a cool place
  • Drink water or a sports drink
  • Wait for cramps to go away before you do any more physical activity

Get medical attention right away if:

  • Cramps last longer than 1 hour
  • You’re on low-sodium diet
  • You have heart problems


What to look for

  • Painful, red, and warm skin
  • Blisters on the skin

What to do

  • Stay out of the sun until your sunburn heals
  • Put on cool cloths on sunburned areas or take a cool bath
  • Put moisturizing lotion on sunburned areas
  • Do not break blister

Heat Rash

What to look for

  • Red clusters of small blisters that look like pimples on the skin (usually on the neck, chest, groin or in elbow creases)

What to do

  • Stay in cool, dry place
  • Keep the rash dry
  • Use powder (like baby powder) to soothe the rash

Author: Ethan Klein

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