Mario A. Villarino | Ksst Radio
Vegetable Grafiting- Tomato By Mario Villarino
Jan18

Vegetable Grafiting- Tomato By Mario Villarino

Since people first learned to graft plants, a myriad of grafting techniques have been developed. In The Grafter’s Handbook, Garner enumerates and describes some forty different grafts. Success in grafting depends not only on a technically correct graft but in preparation of the scion and rootstock for graftage. Equally critical are the optimum time for grafting, and proper aftercare. With high labor costs, only a few of the more...

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Plant Protection in Winter By Mario Villarino
Jan11

Plant Protection in Winter By Mario Villarino

In much of the state our winters are brief with lots of moderate to cool temperatures interrupted by a few killing freezes. If we can take steps to help our plants through those cold snaps we can cheat the hardiness zone a bit in the landscape and keep a vegetable garden going all winter long. There are a number of techniques we can use to help avoid freeze damage to our plants. Here are a few of the more common ones. Watering: There...

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Cattle Feeding During the Winter By Mario Villarino
Jan04

Cattle Feeding During the Winter By Mario Villarino

The weather conditions during this fall-winter season has created serious problems for beef producers needing hay. Many producers are finding out low quality hay and even then hay is getting harder to find. Getting or keeping cows in proper body condition throughout the winter can optimize pregnancy rates the following season, said a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service expert. Dr. Jason Banta, beef cattle specialist, Overton,...

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Agrilife: Seed Germination
Dec28

Agrilife: Seed Germination

As I was visiting retail stores in Sulphur Springs, I noticed many starting to stock seeds for vegetables and ornamentals for the upcoming season. Although is exciting to plan ahead, is important to remember the basic biology of plants BEFORE committing to purchase seeds. A seed contains an embryonic plant in a resting condition, and germination is its resumption of growth. Seeds will begin to germinate when the soil temperature is in...

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Winter weeds- Burweed By Mario Villarino
Dec21

Winter weeds- Burweed By Mario Villarino

Recently, phone calls reached the Hopkins County Extension Office related to lawns infestations with burweed. According to Dr. Shackelford, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension in Austin, nothing designates spring’s arrival like walking barefoot on a lawn of lush, green grass. This pleasant experience can often turn into a painful, sticky situation with the presence of lawn burweed. Other names for this weed are spurweed and stinging...

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2018 Hopkins County Livestock and Forage Education (Tours, Trainings and Field Days) By Mario Villarino
Dec14

2018 Hopkins County Livestock and Forage Education (Tours, Trainings and Field Days) By Mario Villarino

Developed by Dr. Mario A. Villarino, County Extension Agent for Agriculture and Natural Resources Hopkins County, Texas Relevance: Livestock and forage production is a 3.96 billion-dollar industry in the Central Region. Livestock and forage enterprises are affected by climate and market variability. Hopkins County currently has more than 100,000 head of beef cattle with 27,000 of those being dairy cattle. Due to environmental...

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A Year in Review: 2018 Hopkins County Water Conservation
Dec07

A Year in Review: 2018 Hopkins County Water Conservation

Developed by Dr. Mario A. Villarino,County Extension Agent forAgriculture and Natural ResourcesHopkins County, Texas Relevance:  Water quality and conservation have emerged as predominant issues across Texas as indicated through local input, elected officials/legislative actions, and numerous other indicators. Water for domestic and agricultural use is becoming...

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A Year In Review: By Mario Villarino
Nov30

A Year In Review: By Mario Villarino

A year in review: 2018 4-H Hopkins County Agricultural Plan Developed by Dr. Mario A. Villarino, County Extension Agent for Agriculture and Natural Resources Hopkins County,Texas Relevance: 4-H Agriculture and Natural Resources projects are an important component of the county 4-H program in Texas. Currently, sixty three percent of Texas 4-H members are...

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Winter Gardening By Mario Villarino
Nov23

Winter Gardening By Mario Villarino

Winter is always a season for the garden to recover, build up organic matter and take some time to plan for next year.  It is however, not a complete idle season for the gardener. Here the list of recommendation for the gardener for December from Texas A&M AgriLife Extension: Place orders for seeds this month so you will have them available when you are ready to plant. By ordering early, you will be more certain of getting...

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The Many Reasons to be Thankful By Mario Villarino
Nov16

The Many Reasons to be Thankful By Mario Villarino

As I was looking back at 2018, I was reflecting as how much the year changed during it evolvement. As we started with a mostly drought season, we pass thru an “Army-worm October” into a flooded season to end on a cold winter spell. This year could not be anything different almost every month. One thing in common is the impact of the weather into our hay production. Traditionally, our pastures can support our livestock with hay...

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