Mario A. Villarino Archives - Ksst Radio
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Armyworms in Households By Mario Villarino
Sep21

Armyworms in Households By Mario Villarino

Armyworm outbreaks are difficult to predict but infestations seem to occur in portions of the state every year especially after early fall rains. Common species of armyworms present in Texas include: the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda; the yellowstriped armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli; the beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua; and the true armyworm, Mythimna (=Pseudaletia) unipuncta. The fall armyworm is the insect that causes the...

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Warm-season Perennial Grasses By Mario Villarino
Sep14

Warm-season Perennial Grasses By Mario Villarino

Warm-season perennial grasses dominate most of the pastures in East Texas, but climatic conditions allow for use of cool-season annual grasses and legumes, either overseeded or in prepared seedbeds, in the fall for winter and spring grazing. Reasons for use of cool-season annual forages include extending the grazing period and improved animal performance due to their high nutritive value. Although cool-season annual forages can be...

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To do list for September in the Garden By Mario Villarino
Sep07

To do list for September in the Garden By Mario Villarino

Here the list of activities for the garden for late summer, according to Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Specialists: Sustaining adequate moisture in the garden and landscape is the #1 priority for late summer and fall, Water trees and shrubs by giving them at least one inch of water per week, delivered slowly, around the plants as far out as the “dripline” extends. Rejuvenate heat-stressed geraniums and begonias for the...

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Homeowner Maintenance of Aerobic Treatment Septic Systems Schedule By Mario Villarino
Aug31

Homeowner Maintenance of Aerobic Treatment Septic Systems Schedule By Mario Villarino

Homeowner Maintenance of Aerobic Treatment Septic Systems schedule for September 14, 2018 in Sulphur Springs. Septic systems providing waste management for homes are an important often overseen component providing valuable service to the home operation. To maintain an aerobic treatment unit working properly, Hopkins County requires system service and inspection. An aerobic treatment unit (ATU) consists of several processes that...

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Fall Armyworms By Mario Villarino
Aug24

Fall Armyworms By Mario Villarino

The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, is a common pest of bermudagrass, sorghum, corn, wheat and rye grass and many other crops in north and central Texas. According to Dr. Allen Knutson, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension entomologist, the larvae of fall armyworms are green, brown or black with white to yellowish lines running from head to tail. A distinct white line between the eyes forms an inverted “Y” pattern on the face. Four...

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Transplanting Plants By Mario Villarino
Aug17

Transplanting Plants By Mario Villarino

If you haven’t already done so, this is the time to begin sowing seeds for fall transplants.  According to horticulturist from Texas A&M AgriLife Extension, starting seeds in august allow you to have pansies, calendulas, Johnny-jump-ups, flowering cabbage, lettuce and other cool season transplants ready to plant in the garden in September or early October. If starting your own transplants has been disastrous for you in the...

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4-H: What You Need To Know By Mario Villarino
Aug10

4-H: What You Need To Know By Mario Villarino

Texas 4-H is like a club for kids and teens ages 5-18, and it’s BIG! It’s the largest youth development program in Texas with more than 550,000 youth each year. No matter where you live or what you like to do, Texas 4-H has something that lets you be a better you! You may think 4-H is only for your friends with animals, but it’s so much more! You can do activities like shooting sports, food science, healthy living, robotics, fashion,...

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Common Pasture Management Problems By Mario Villarino
Aug03

Common Pasture Management Problems By Mario Villarino

A common pasture management problem faced by most Texas hay and/or livestock producers is weed and brush infestation. According to Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Soil Specialist, weed species effectively compete with more desirable forage species for sunlight, moisture, and soil nutrients. Whether herbaceous or woody species, if enough weeds are present in the pasture, the carrying capacity of the management unit is decreased, the...

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Kyllingas By Mario Villarino
Jul27

Kyllingas By Mario Villarino

Kyllingas (Kyllinga spp.) belong to the sedge family (Cyperaceae) and at first glance can look like grasses, especially in mowed turf. However, closer inspection reveals that their stem, floral, and vegetative charac- teristics are quite different from grasses. Unlike grasses, they have pith-filled triangular stems and three-ranked leaves. The leaf blades of sedges appear waxy and have a v-shaped groove. The sedge family (Cyperaceae)...

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Supplemental Feeding During Drought By Mario Villarino
Jul20

Supplemental Feeding During Drought By Mario Villarino

Supplemental Feeding During Drought When forage quality and/or quantity is affected by drought, livestock producers are usually faced with decisions about supplemental feeding. First, they must determine whether they can afford to supplement, and if so, then decide what to supplement and how to manage feeding. If the drought continues or worsens, they will also need to decide when to stop supplementing and start selling livestock....

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